On wash day, mom heated water in two galvanized tubs on top of an outdoor furnace fueled by wood. All the water was carried by hand in buckets. It required about 12 buckets of water to fill a tub. I got to do the pumping with a hand pump on our well. Mom did have one modern convenience, a Maytag wringer washer. A gasoline engine powered the washer and it had a kick-starter like on motorcycles. That was about as close as she ever got to a motorcycle. The washer was also outdoors close to the furnace. Mom used near-boiling water and washed whites first. Those went into the first tub of rinse water after she ran them through the wringer to remove the soapy water. Then she loaded the colored clothes into the washer. While they were washing, she got most of the soap out of the whites and ran them through the wringer into the second rinse water with “bluing” to make the whites whiter. After the second rinse and wringing, they were hung on the clothes line to dry. As you can imagine, this was an all day job. Permanent press hadn’t been invented yet and the fashion was starched and ironed. (The casual look was still in the future.) Mom used flatirons for ironing. She had several flat irons so that some were heating while another was being used. They were heated on the wood cook stove, summer and winter. In the summer, it was pretty hot work, and not much fun at anytime.